David Bihanic, designer-researcher

Deadly crossings to Europe

Refugees crossing Mediterranean Sea (2000-2016)

The world is facing the most significant migratory crisis in its history. Even on this very day, millions of refugees are scrambling to reach the EU after fleeing war-torn countries such as Iraq, Syria and Libya. According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), around 35,000 of them died or went missing between January 2000 and September 2016. The majority of deaths were due to drowning or exhaustion. In 2015, 1 million of refugees tried to cross the Mediterranean — more than 3,770 were reported to have died. Even more worrying for the future, 2016 could be the deadliest year for refugees.

To make everyone clearly aware of this large-scale human tragedy, I’ve designed an interactive map that graphically represents (and locates) the dead and missing refugees who have (in particular) crossed the Mediterranean between 2000 and today (detailed information is available by clicking on each dot). This web map also shows the major routes they have taken, the main international migration hubs, and the most populous refugee camps — the leading host countries for refugees are identified in the background.

URL: http://www.davidbihanic.com/refugees













Data sources:

IOM (International Organization for Migration) — GMDAC (IOM’s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre), UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees), HDX(The Humanitarian Data Exchange), WFP(World Food Programme) — ICMPD (WFP GeoNode; International Centre for Migration Policy), Reuters, United (European Network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees), The Migrants’ Files (Journalism++ SAS, Journalism++ Stockholm, Dataninja), National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, HERE, UNEP-WCMC (United Nations Environment Programme-World Conservation Monitoring Centre), USGS (United States Geological Survey), NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), ESA (European Space Agency), METI (japanese ministry of economy trade and industry), NRCAN (Natural Resources Canada), GEBCO (General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans), NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), increment P Corp.

This data visualization was designed by David Bihanic (2016).

Conference presentation slides (in french) — Le Tank, a digital design agency and coworking space based in Paris.

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